FLM Tutorial available

Andreas Stolcke stolcke at speech.sri.com
Sat Jun 9 11:29:56 PDT 2007

Kevin Duh kindly made available a very nice factored LM tutorial, which 
should answer many of the questions
posted on srilm-user recently.  I am including his original email below.

I also put links to this and other tutorials and overview publications 
on our web server at
http://www.speech.sri.com/projects/srilm/manpages/ .
If you know of other useful material that can help a novice get started, 
please let me know.

Happy modeling,


-------- Original Message --------
Subject: Re: Guestion in FLM
Date: Fri, 08 Jun 2007 23:09:15 -0800
From: Kevin Duh <kevinduh at u.washington.edu>
To: Sara Abd-ElHamed <sara_abd_elhamed at yahoo.com>
CC: SRILM mailing list <srilm-user at speech.sri.com>
References: <15520.62771.qm at web25409.mail.ukl.yahoo.com>

We have written a Factored LM tutorial to help people get started with
using FLMs. It is available here:


This tutorial includes:
1. Intro to FLM and generalized backoff
2. Specification and syntax for using FLM in SRILM
3. A step-by-step walk-through for first time users

Some of the material is taken from the "arabic-final" report mentioned
by Ilya Oparin, but updated and re-formatted in a clearer way.

If there are questions and suggestions, please feel free to email.

Kevin Duh

Signals, Speech, and Language Interpretation Lab
University of Washington, Seattle

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